Tuvalu is an island nation located in the Pacific Ocean midway between Hawaii and Australia. Its name means Eight Standing Together in Tuvaluan. With the exception of tiny Vatican City, it is the independent nation with the fewest inhabitants. Due to their low elevation (5 meters, or 14 feet maximum), the islands that make up this nation are threatened by any future sea level rise. The population may evacuate during the next decades to New Zealand, or Niue, a small Pacific island (independent but associated with New Zealand) that isnt threatened by sea level rise, but does have decreasing population.